GÉRARD GRISEY was born in Belfort, France, in 1946 and studied at the Trossingen Conservatory (1963–65) and later at the Conservatoire National Supérieur in Paris. From 1968 to 1972 he was a pupil of Olivier Messiaen, at the same time taking composition lessons from Henri Dutilleux at the École Normale de Musique. He took part in the summer courses at the Accademia Chigiana in Siena and attended the International Summer Courses in Darmstadt, studying with Karlheinz Stockhausen, György Ligeti, and Iannis Xenakis. From 1972 to 1974 he was a fellow at the Villa Medici in Rome and co-founded the ensemble L’Itinéraire with Tristan Murail, Roger Tessier, and Michael Levinas. He also attended courses in acoustics with Émile Leipp at Paris University VI. After teaching composition and theory at the University of California at Berkeley (1982–86) he was appointed professor of orchestration and composition at the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique in Paris (1986). He died in Paris in 1998.